Technology General

What is Cryptocurrency,its definition, working and top 6 famous crypto coins!

What is cryptocurrency
cryptocurrency graph

You should have many questions in your mind such as, what is cryptocurrency? How does cryptocurrencies work? How can you invest in cryptocurrency? What are famous crypto coins? In this article we are answering all these questions.

What is cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital payment mechanism that does not rely on banks for transaction verification. It is a person to person transfer system that allows any person to make and receive payments from anywhere. Cryptocurrency payments exist purely as digital entries to an online database describing specific transactions, instead of physical money carried around and exchanged in the real world. The payments or transactions that you make with cryptocurrency record in a public database. Usually digital wallets are used to store cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrency, commonly known as crypto-currency or crypto, is any type of digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography to protect transactions. Crypto currencies are operating without any central issuing or any regulating authorities, instead depending on a global system of monitoring transactions and create new units.

The term “cryptography or cryptocurrency” comes from the fact that it use encryptions to verify all transactions. This means that the sending or storing of cryptocurrency data between wallets and to public ledgers requires complex coding. Main goal of Encryption is to ensure security and safety.

Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency. It was created in 2009 and is still the most well-known today. Much of the fascination with cryptocurrencies stems from a desire to trade for profit, with traders driving prices high with time.

How does cryptocurrency work?

Cryptocurrencies based on a blockchain, a distributed public database that keeps track of all transactions and payments and the updates by currency holders.

Cryptocurrency coins or units are formed by a process known as mining, In order to earn coins; you have to use computer processing power to solve complex mathematical problems. Users can also purchase the crypto currencies from the brokers; they can then store and spend those coins or units using crypto wallets.

You don’t have anything physical if you own cryptocurrency. What you hold is a key that enables you to transfer a record or a unit of measurement from one person to another without the involvement of a trustworthy third party.

Although Bitcoin has been present since 2009, cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies are still in their development in terms of financial applications, with more to come in the future. Soon Stocks, Bonds, and other financial assets will be traded via the technology in the future.

Examples of cryptocurrencies

Thousands of cryptocurrencies exist. Among the most well-known are:


Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency, and it is still the most widely traded crypto currency, launched in 2009. Satoshi Nakamoto – largely assumed to be a code-name for an individual or group of people whose true identity is unknown – created the currency.

Bitcoins are created by mining process. It can be exchanged with a number of other currencies, goods, and services. Bitcoin has criticized for its usage in unlawful or illegal transactions, the high amount of electricity required for mining, price volatility, and other factors.


Ethereum is a blockchain platform that has its own cryptocurrency, Ether (ETH) or Ethereum. It was created in 2015. After Bitcoin, it is the most widely used cryptocurrency. Bitcoin and Ethereum are comparable in many ways, but they have different long-term goals and restrictions.

Ethereum is shifting to an operational system that rewards people who control the most ETH with incentives to process transactions.


Litecoin is similar to bitcoin, but it has moved faster to build new innovations, such as speedier payments and processes that allow for more transactions.

like Bitcoin LTC also based on an open-source global payment network that is independent of any central authority. Litecoin also varies from Bitcoin in many ways, including its higher blocks creation rates and its usage of the Script proof-of-work algorithms.


Ripple was founded in 2012 as a distributed ledger technology. Not only can Ripple be used to track cryptocurrency transactions, but it can also be used to track other types of transactions. Its founders have collaborated with many banks and financial institutions.

To separate themselves from Bitcoin, non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies are referred to as “altcoins.”


Ripple Net’s native cryptocurrency is XRP, which is a blockchain-based payments network designed to make cross-border payments between international banks faster and cheaper.

It takes one to four business days to send money internationally using the old financial system, and it can be costly. When XRP is used as a bridging currency, cross-border transactions can be settled in less than five seconds on the open-source XRP Ledger blockchain at a fraction of the cost of more traditional means.


Charles Hoskinson, a co-founder of Ethereum, established Cardano in 2015. The Cardano Foundation, situated in Zug, Switzerland, oversees and supervises the project’s progress. It is the world’s largest cryptocurrency to employ a proof-of-stake blockchain, which is considered a more environmentally friendly alternative to proof-of-work protocols.

Cardano does not have a white paper, which is unusual. Instead, it employs design principles aimed at addressing challenges like scalability, interoperability, and regulatory compliance that face by other existing cryptocurrencies.


Relevant Articles:

What is Artificial Intelligence? its scope, areas and working

About the author


Add Comment

Click here to post a comment