AI (Artificial intelligence) is a branch of computer science that aims to invent intelligent machines just like humans. The textbooks define Artificial intelligence as “the design and study of intelligent agents” where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success. In this article we will discuss Pros and Cons of Artificial intelligence, Working of Artificial Intelligence And its forms.
John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1956, defines it as “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines”
How does Artificial Intelligence (AI) work?
Artificial Intelligence (AI technology) is the capacity for a computer program to think and learn on its own.
It is the replication of human intelligence (thus the term “artificial intelligence”) into machines to do tasks that would typically be performed by humans. Weak AI, strong AI, and super AI are the three primary forms of AI depending on their capabilities.
Primary Forms of AI Technology
- Weak AI – Focuses on a single task and is unable to perform beyond its capabilities (common in our daily lives)
- Strong AI – can comprehend and learn any intellectual task that a person can
- Super AI – Exceeds human intelligence and can outperform humans at any task (still a concept)
Artificial intelligence is changing the way businesses and consumers think about the digital world. It’s changing how we view personal and business devices and how we interact with these devices every day.
We are experiencing a paradigm shift in computing, and artificial intelligence is leading it. Technology is creating a more accurate and efficient way to understand and interact with the digital world.
With artificial intelligence, we can create programs to solve problems, learn from prior mistakes and accomplish more with less human intervention.
In Businesses, Artificial Intelligence technology can create more advanced and personalized experiences for customers. This can lead to more conversions, which means higher revenue for the business.
Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence:
Pros of Artificial Intelligence:
It is difficult to believe that AI has no impact on our daily life. In actuality, most of us come into contact with Artificial Intelligence daily in some form or another.
AI has quickly entered in our daily routine, from the time you wake up to check your phone to view another Netflix recommended movie.
According to Statista, the worldwide Artificial Intelligent market is expected to increase at a rate of 54 % every year. But, exactly, what is AI? The question rises is it truly beneficial for humanity in the future? Well, there are numerous benefits and drawbacks to AI, which we will examine in this post.
Some benefits of artificial intelligence are as follows:
Human Error is Reduced:
One of the major benefits of Artificial Intelligence is that it can significantly minimize errors while also increasing quality and reliability. The knowledge obtained before and a set of algorithms are used to guide AI’s decisions at each step.
Another significant benefit of AI technology in society, is that it allows people to avoid many dangers by handing them to AI robots.
Machines with metal bodies are resistant and can survive unfriendly atmospheres, whether they are defusing a bomb, going to space, or exploring the deepest depths of the oceans. They can also deliver more accurate work with higher responsibility and are less likely to wear out.
Many studies show that humans are only productive for 3 to 4 hours per day. Breaks and time off are also necessary for humans to maintain a healthy work-life balance.
However, AI can function indefinitely without taking a break. They think much faster than humans and can complete numerous jobs at once with pinpoint accuracy. With the help of AI algorithms, they can even undertake boring repetitive tasks easily.
Almost all large companies now use digital assistants to connect with their consumers, reducing the need for human employees significantly.
We can communicate with the chat-bots and ask any questions from them. Some chat-bots are so advanced to the point that you won’t be able to identify are you’re conversing with any machine or any person.
In almost every domain, AI technology has aided in the development of new inventions to solve complicated challenges. Using the advanced Artificial intelligence-based technology, a recent invention is a machine that assisted doctors to detect the early stages of breast cancer in women.
Emotions influence human behavior, whether we like it or not. AI, on the other hand, is emotionless, and its approach is highly practical and rational. Artificial Intelligence has a significant benefit in that it is free of bias, allowing for more accurate decision-making.
Cons of Artificial Intelligence:
On the other hand artificial intelligence has some cons. Some of them are written below.
It takes a lot of skill to build a machine that can simulate human intelligence. It takes a lot of time and energy, and it can be very expensive. AI is also required to remain most up-to-date to stay current and meet the most stringent criteria, which is making it highly costly.
One of the major disadvantages of AI is that it can’t do anything outside the box. AI can learn with time by using pre-programmed codes and from previous experiences, but it cannot be creative in its approach.
The Quill bot, which can write Forbes earnings reports, is a classic example. These articles contain only the data and facts that quillbot already has. Although the ability of Quillbot to produce an essay on its own is impressive it lacks the human touch found in other related articles.
Increase in Unemployment
One of the major disadvantages of artificial intelligence is that it is gradually replacing human beings with robots for a variety of repetitive tasks.
A simple example of it is the chatbot, which is beneficial to businesses but a red light for employees. According to an international report, AI will replace at least 30% of human labor with robots till 2030.
Make Humans Lazy
In Healthcare, the majority of operations are performed through AI technology/machines. We use our brains less and less since we shouldn’t have to memorize stuff or solve riddles to get the job done. Future generations may face many health challenges as a result of this machine’s addiction.
Morality and ethics are human characteristics that are missing in artificial intelligence. The rapid advancement of AI has sparked fears that it will one day develop uncontrollably and finally destroy mankind. The Artificial intelligent Machine’s singularity is a term that is used to describe this point.