Flap surgery is a type of breast reconstruction that uses skin, fat, and sometimes muscle from another area of the body to create a new breast mound. This flap of tissue is then reconnected to blood vessels in the chest area.
Flap surgery breast reconstruction can be used to reconstruct one or both breasts. The type of flap surgery performed will depend on several factors, including the size and shape of the flap, the location of the flap on the body, and the blood supply to the flap.
Some common types of flap surgery include:
– Pedicle flap surgery: flap surgery is a type of breast reconstruction in which flap tissue is taken from another area of the body and transplanted to the chest. The flap remains attached to its original blood supply, which helps to ensure that it remains healthy and viable. Flap surgery can be used to reconstruct one or both breasts, and it can be performed using a variety of different flap techniques. Common flap donor sites include the lower abdomen, upper back, and inner thighs. flap surgery is often combined with other types of breast reconstruction surgery, such as implants or lift procedures.
– free flap surgery: flap surgery is a type of breast reconstruction that involves using a flap of tissue to create a new breast. The flap of tissue is completely detached from its original blood supply and reconnected to blood vessels in the chest area. This flap can be taken from the back, abdomen, or thighs. Flap surgery is often combined with other types of breast reconstruction, such as implants or lift surgery. Flap surgery can be used to create a natural-looking breast that has a similar feel to the original breast.
– latissimus dorsa flap surgery: flap surgery is a type of breast reconstruction that uses skin, muscle, and fat from another area of your body to rebuild the shape of your breast. The latissimus dorsa flap is one option for flap surgery. This flap uses skin and muscle from the middle of your back, as well as any fat attached to this skin and muscle. The latissimus dorsa flap is often used in combination with an implant to create a new breast mound.
– transverse rectus abdominis my cutaneous (TRAM) flap surgery: The lower part of the rectus abdominis muscle, along with overlying skin and fat, is used to create the flap. This muscle is located in the front of your abdomen.
– deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap surgery: Deep inferior epigastric perforator flap surgery is a type of flap surgery used in breast reconstruction. The flap of tissue includes only skin and fat. No muscle is removed. The deep inferior epigastric artery and vein are used to provide blood flow to the flap. The flap is tunneled under the skin to the chest, where it is placed into the pocket created for the new breast mound. The DIEP flap can be used to create a breast of any size and shape.
– superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap surgery: The superior gluteal artery perforator flap, or SGAP flap, is a type of flap surgery used in breast reconstruction. The flap of tissue includes skin and fat from the upper part of the buttock, which is then used to create a new breast mound.
Breast lumpectomy surgery is a complex procedure that requires careful planning and execution. It is important to discuss all aspects of the surgery with your surgeon before making a decision.